Hartmannstraße 5/Theresienstraße 5b (today 10)
April 1942 deported from Bad Kissingen to Krasniczyn
Therese Adler was born in Würzburg on April 26, 1887, as a daughter of the merchant Karl Rosenthal and his wife Henriette Oberzimmer. It can be assumed that the family had been living in Bad Kissingen since the beginning of the 1890s where Therese Adler’s father had a lingerie shop which her mother continued to keep after he had died in 1895. Together with her two older brothers Therese lived in Bad Kissingen, her mother’s birthplace. In 1911, Therese married Hirsch Adler from Kleinsteinach and moved to Theresienstrasse 5b (now 10). Close by there was her parent’s shop that her husband took over. The family rapidly increased: son Karl was born in 1912, Johanna in 1914, Lotte in 1915, and Suse in 1920. Therese Adler and her husband undertook a lot with their children, payed board games and went on hiking tours with the whole family. The Adlers also attached importance to rooting their children in the Jewish tradition and making them regard themselves as loyal German citizens.
Because of the economic boycott in 1933, the already difficult financial situation of the family was further exacerbated. That and the increasing anti-Semitic activities are sure to have been a reason for Therese Adler’s older children leaving Bad Kissingen and Germany, respectively. Lotte went to the Netherlands in 1934, Johanna moved to Berlin, later to Great Britain, and Karl emigrated to Palestine in 1937. On November 1, 1938, Therese Adler together with her daughter Suse and sister-in-law Jeanette, moved to Hartmannstrasse 5, where Therese had lived with her mother in 1902. When in February 1939 first her husband and then in July her youngest daughter Suse fled to the Netherlands and her sister-in-law moved to Frankfort, Therese was left behind completely on her own.
For Therese and her friends in Bad Kissingen – among them Nannette and Kehla Bamberger, wife and daughter of the long-time rabbi Seckel Bamberger – it was too late to leave Bad Kissingen. They lived in Bad Kissingen in poor conditions and in constant fear. On April 24, 1942, Therese Adler and 22 other Bad Kissingen Jews were brought to Würzburg and deported to Krasniczyn from there. She lost her life somewhere near Lublin.
© Tirza Cohen